Bone Spurs In Foot: Causes, Symptoms, Surgery and Treatment

Plantar Fasciitis

Bone Spurs In Foot

Are you noticing sharp, stabbing sensation in your feet or at the heel section with each step you take?  Then you may be suffering with the “bone spurs “ or “heel spurs” problem. Don’t know what this bone spurs or heel spurs actually. Well to grab complete knowledge regarding this particular foot problem you need to go through this post.

BONE SPURS IN THE FOOT

bone spur or osteophyte, is a medical condition in which sudden or abnormal growth of extra bone develops. It mostly occurs in the joints, foot region and aside from heel spurs; they are fairly common in the toes, middle of foot, ankle and on top of foot.

Heel Spurs and Bone Spurs

heel bone spur

Heel spurs which is also known as calcaneal spurs are protrusion on the forward underside of the heel bone that occurs when the plantar tendon pulls excessively in the area where it attaches the bone. Typically it is not that painful unless they intrude into the soft tissue (plantar fascia), which causes irritation and leads to heel pain.

Whereas bone spurs as termed as Retrocalcaneal Spur develops not only at the heels back but also on toes mainly around the fifth i.e the smallest toe. Often, it occurs next to the toenail on the outside of the toe; on the inside of toe near the tip, where fifth toe presses against the fourth toe and on the inside of the base of the toe.

Types of Heel Spurs

Bone spur develop on the heel and sometimes produce pain and other symptoms. Two painful heel conditions usually arise due to the formation of bone spurs:

  • Heel spur syndrome:

In this case the bone spurs get formed at the bottom of heel and on the sole of foot. People who are already having problem like plantar fasciitis can develop these spurs, which often referred as heel spurs.

  • Insertional Achilles tendonitis:

This particular bone spurs issue occurs at the back of the heel, where the Achilles tendon inserts into the bone. This heel bone spurs develop with plantar fasciitis or Achilles tendonitis.

What Causes Bone Spurs In The Foot?

Bone spurs in the foot mainly get formed when the body tries to repair damage by building extra bone. Damage is typically due to pressure or stress being placed on bone regularly for long period of time. In response, growth of calcium one of the main components of bone that helps to keep it strong-develops on the affected bone. And leads to the formation of bone spur in the feet.

Following risk factors commonly causes heel spurs:

  • Age:

Heel spurs are quiet commonly encountered by age group people of 40 years. As, with the age ligament elasticity starts decreasing.

  • Gait problems:

Walking or moving with uneven gait puts excessive pressure to certain foot area which results in strain and development of heel spurs.

  • Being overweight:

Excessive body weight results in more strain and impact to the arch of foot.

  • Gender:

Heel spurs mostly affect women because of the wearing of less supportive footwear than men.

Also read:

11 Effective Natural Home Remedies To Treat Foot Arch Pain

9 Effective Home Remedies For Plantar Fasciitis Pain You Can’t Ignore

  • Long periods of standing:

Bone spurs on foot also occurs due to Standing for long period of time or lifting heavy objects on a regular basis, this causes significant strain to arch of foot.

What Are The Symptoms?

Initially Bone spurs in the foot not clearly shows its symptoms. But with time it tends to being as an aching or soreness on the top of midfoot or in any of the toes. Pain can range from mild to severe but usually rises with the wearing of the tight or ill fitting issue. Other common symptoms of heel bone spurs:

  • A corn (similar to a callus) on the toe or between toes
  • Difficulty walking and functioning normally due to pain and loss of motion
  • Stiffness and loss of motion of the toe(s) or ankle(s)
  • Redness or swelling (inflammation)

Surgery Treatment For Bone Spurs On Feet

There are many effective natural and medical treatments for treating bone spurs on foot but bone spur surgery is considered as the best of all.  But keep the surgery as the last option to cure bone spur.

X-ray, Computerized Tomography (CT) scans and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans are some best ways to diagnose a bone spur. After the complete diagnosis of Bone spur treatment will be done as per the condition and growth of bone spur.

Following surgery procedure are conducted to cure bone spur on foot.

Arthroscopic Surgery

In This procedure, doctor makes hole in the skin right above the bone spur and insert a tiny camera. This tool helps in showing the growth and position of the bone spur. Then one or more hole is done through which doctor will insert a surgical tool. This tool helps in chip off the extra bone and will get your foot back into the normal condition.

Correction Surgery

This surgery procedure is used when the bone spur is not very big and can be fixed with the help of few corrective measures. Hole or incision is done near the bone spur and then with the help of a Power burr bone is smoothed. It is very helpful for treating the foot problem without cutting the bone.

Surgery Treatment For Bone Spurs On Feet

Type and procedure of surgery totally depends upon the condition and size of your bone spur.  Discuss with your doctor about various procedures and which one will be helpful for you.

Orthotics For Heel Spurs

Orthotics For Heel Spurs

Best way to heal foot bone spurs is to avoid development of new heel spurs. Along with that address the pain to support the arch of your foot and provide an additional layer of cushioning. Because lack of arch support is usually causes heel spurs.

Specialized orthotic inserts like Heel Seats are an effective ways to treat heel spurs. These orthotics helps in positioning the arch to an finest height, preventing the deposition of sharp calcium deposits from digging into the fatty heel pad.

It’s better to avoid grocery-store orthotics that are little more than simple pads to add a little extra cushy, not designed specifically to treat heel spur and plantar facilities.

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Can Bone Spurs In The Foot Be Prevented?

Well it’s quiet difficult to prevent bone spurs in foot as it is not that clear why they form in first place but you can reduce the chances of getting such by making some changes.

  • Always wear comfy shoes and avoid shoes that are too tight, especially in the toe region.
  • If you have high or low arches then take help of see a podiatrist or shoe specialist for making the right selection of the shoes.
  • Orthotics and padding also help in minimizing the problem caused due to high or low arches.
  • Keep control over your faster increasing weight as this will relieve the pressure on your feet.
  • Arthritis patients should aware of the risk of bone spur in the foot and speak to your doctor if notice any signs or symptoms.