Frequently Asked Question (FAQ) On Bunions


bunions faq

Are you feeling pain at the base of the big toe due to new none formation and is the affected toe is often curved outwards?  If yes then let me clear this to you that it’s a “Bunion” also referred as “Hallux Valgus” which is quiet a common foot problem nowadays.

Like you there are many Bunions sufferer who is dealing with such foot problems. They too have so many queries regarding this particular bunion foot problem.

So, have a look over bunions related FAQs may be you also get perfect answer for your query.

Frequently Asked Question About Bunions

What Causes Bunions On Feet?
  • Bunions usually appear when the weight of your body falls unevenly on your body’s joints. This causes the imbalance and makes the joint unstable too.
  • Another cause of formation of bunions is high-heeled shoes with tight toe box for big toe.
  • It is also caused by foot injuries, or by deformities which appeared during birth.
  • The credit for the formation of bunions also goes to arthritis for instance rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Some other condition that imparts to development of bunions includes flat feet, abnormal bone structure and excessively flexible ligaments.

How Do Bunions Form?

Bunions are formed of rounded end of metatarsal bone, which dislocates in slow pace in the inner side direction of the foot. As the dislocation of the big toe takes place towards other toes, the metatarsal bone bends in opposite direction i.e towards the inner side of the foot. This forms the bunions on your big toe.

Are There Any Serious Concerns With Bunions?

Like a progressive distortion, bunions starts from small problem but worsen with the passage of time as it causes so much pain. A bunion majorly affects the balls of your foot and area under the big toe. By putting pressure on these affected areas of foot, you risk additional foot pain and even pushing your foot to get a fracture.

Are Bunions Genetic?

No bunions are not genetic, as no baby is ever born with bunions? Actually your foot structure is inherited which is predisposes the foot to get bunions. Bunions problem usually encounters in teen age or above.

Genetics play a role in development of bunions. If your mother or grandmother has bunions then you could be susceptible to develop to them too.

Actually it’s not the bunion that is inherited, but certain foot type also makes a person prone to develop such foot problems like bunions. So, if you are prone to bunions then you should avoid wearing pointy toed and ill-fitting heel shoes.

Are Bunions Related To Back, Hip, Knee, Or Foot Pain?
Studies shows that though bunions are particularly develop in toe or feet but its presence can slow a person down. It is found that bunions sufferer mostly encounters pain in other parts of the body including hip, knee, foot, lower back portion.

From Survey it is found that bunions are significant and disabling musculoskeletal condition which majorly affects the overall quality of life.

How Do I Treat And Prevent Bunions Non-Surgically ?

If you are looking for the non-surgical treatment for bunions treatment then let me clear this to you that non-surgical treatments won’t correct your bone distortion but you can alleviate your bunions pain and perhaps avoid the urgent need of surgery for while. Here are some most effective non-surgical treatments for bunions:

  •  Padding And Toe Spacers:

Cushioning (such as silicone pads) gives a great relive in alleviating the pressure around toe joints, reduces the friction and saves  the tender area around the bunions to get hurt.

  •  Shields And Splints:

This treatment option alleviates the excess on your bunions by adjusting the positioning of your toes.

This also gives extra space to your foot which ultimately reduces the irritation around the bunions.


5 Most Effective Non-Surgical Treatments To Cure Bunions

  • Medication: 

Pain relievers like naproxen, ibuprofen, or even a cortisone injection also very helpful to get relief from bunion pain and swelling issue.

What If Non-Surgical Treatments Do Not Work Should I Approach For Bunion Surgery?

Well mostly if found that pain caused by bunions can be relieved by applying simple methods such as switching to airy and lose shoes  but if the non-surgically treatment work then it’s better to consult with a doctor about surgery.

 Bunions surgery is just for reconstructing the usual alignment of the joint. The reasons for the procedure include swelling, pain, chronic toe inflammation, and the deformation of the toe, the inability to straighten or bend it. Well there are many types of bunion surgeries available today but mostly it depends on the age of patients, severity of distortion, level of activity and bones condition too.

What Are Different Types Of Bunion Surgeries Available?

There are several surgical procedures available to correct bunions, this include:

  • Bone Cutting: 

In this procedure bone that is protruding from the joint is cutted down and places it back into the alignment.

  • Bunion Shaving: 

Basically it is used for small bunions treatment. The ligament may is also corrected to help realign the big toe.

  • Bone Fusion: 

In this surgical treatment the entire bone is fused through the arch to a non essential joint in the foot. This helps in realigning the deviated bone back to its right position.

Do Orthotics Or Orthopedic Shoes Help Bunions?

Abnormal forces that cause bunions include instability, poor mechanism and excessive motion can easily be controlled or reduced by using custom foot orthotics.

Orthotics actually works by reducing the destabilizing forces which causes bunions development and also reverse the dysfunction which leads to joint pain. Well it’s a fact that orthotics can’t completely or permanently fix a structural deformity such as bunion but they eliminate the need for surgery up to much extent.

Also, orthotics is also very beneficial after the bunion surgery in order to avoid re-occurrence of the deformity.

There is not any 100% assured way to or device that reliably corrects a bunion. But Orthotics sometime slows down or halts the progression by addressing the instability which causes deformity of bones.

Will Bunions Come Back After Surgery?

No doubt Bunionectomy is a very effective bunion surgery option. This effective treatment removes off the pain and discomfort but proper foot care routine is must to be followed after surgery to avoid bunions come back after the surgery. After the surgery it’s important to avoid the same things that help in developing the bunions again.

 As it is found that Bunions may return after surgery, especially if someone continuous to wear narrow or high-heeled shoes, have poor walking habits, and regular over-pronation of the foot (placing pressure on the big toe joint) etc.


How Long Does The Treatment Take?

Well the length of bunion treatment depends on the severity of your condition. If you had a history of lower back pain problem for an extended period of time or have an epidurals, disc surgery, etc., then it will take longer time. 10 sessions is minimum time which is required to correct a bunion deformity

Give your body enough time to correct the muscle memory. As some might need more than 10 sessions is severe conditions.

Can a child have bunion? At what age bunion can be diagnosed? Is bunion surgery ever recommended for children?

Yes, bunion diagnosis is possible in child as young as 3-4 years of age. But if the surgery is needed then it should be hold off until the child crosses the age of 13-14, when the growth of the foot completely stops. The most recommended procedure for pediatric bunion patients is often the Lapidus Bunionectomy.

How Long Is The Recovery Period After Bunion Surgery?

The recovery period after the bunion surgery is around 6 months. Most people are getting back to full activity within 3 months.

You need to bear weight with the aid of protective boot right after the bunion surgery. Only most severe bunions cases require more comprehensive surgery time off the foot.

What Are My Limitations After Bunion Surgery?

Limitations mentioned below are applicable for those who have undergone through bunion surgery:

  • After surgery wear a post –op shoe. For first 3 days you are not allowed to walk more than 15 minutes.
  • Switch to walking boots after 3-4 days of the surgery. This helps the patients to walk normally.
  • Patient can take part in physical activity during 1st week of recovery as long as it doesn’t involve excess pressure on the joint that has gone through surgery.
  • Start wearing comfortable and lose shoes from the 4th
  • Swelling reduces by the end of 8th week so there is almost no restriction regarding physical activity.
  • Patients should always keep this in mind that they must abide by the post-op instructions and not put extra pressure on the joint that has undergone for the surgery.
Are Bunions Correctors Effective?

Most of people suffering with bunion look for over the counter remedies. No doubt there is a variety of products for such and each of them works differently.   It’s quiet effective to try few correctors. It’s a simple way to reduce the pain caused by bunion and to prevent the surgical intervention. It helps in correcting the deformity of the toe and brings it back to normal position.

What Shoes I Should Wear To Prevent Bunions Pain And Discomfort?

Here is the list of some best shoes that you need to wear if you are a bunion sufferer.


Generally the triangular toe box design shape types of shoes are less comfy. The rectangular shape shoes are much comfortable. The sturdy rubber outsole also adds to the stability in keeping your feet firmly planted on the floor.


Stretch and form kind of shoes are just too good for bunions sufferer.  This type of shoes is made of cloth or very soft leather which helps in eliminating the roughness or tightness on the toe portion of your foot.


New Balance 880v7 sneaker shoes have a mesh upper that is breathable and seamless. Its 2 layer of foam cushioning gives protection from shock on your foot area. It’s quiet spacious too so you can run in comfort and style.


This sandal heel is of 4 1/4-inch heel with a 1/2-inch rocker-bottom platform.  This eliminates the bending at the toe box and allows the ball of the foot to rock like a boat during walking help ultimately relives the bunion pain.  Although the heel provides additional stability but these shoes are not designed for comfort.


having bunions doesn’t mean that you can’t wear heels, it means wearing them smartly. Due to high heels foot slips forward on the shoe and cause the pain constriction of the toe and bunions. Wearing pump of around 2 1/2-inch of heels height is just perfect and it don’t push your foot towards the front. Its padded footbed provides superior cushioning to your paining bunions.

Can Bunions Be Reversed With Natural Ways?

Yes bunions can be revered to normal with natural ways but if and only if, it is in starting stage. Trying natural remedies in the early stages of bunions is very effective and can turn your bunion to normal feet again.


7+ Effective Ways To Reverse Bunions And Cure Them To Normal

As you know bunions have 4 stages. So, once the bunion has reached to the 3rd or 4th stage, those natural treatments can be used to minimize discomfort but surgery will likely be required to completely remove the bunion. Reaching to this stage bunion can’t be reversed without surgery; you can only stop them from getting bigger using different insoles or Orthopedic Shoes.

 Wrap Up:

If you too having any queries regarding bunions then do share with us is our comment section, we will surely try to give perfect solution to your problem.